Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan, the centre of fashion, politics and a»better» life for locals. There is a steady internal migration from rural areas to Bishkek during the past decade. However, since May 2015, Kyrgyzstan has become a part of the Customs Union. The good side of it is that it stimulates domestic production. As a result, some people are moving back to villages to work on agricultural projects. You can read about it more @https://www.opendemocracy.net/anna-yalovkina/as-kyrgyzstan-joins-customs-union-business-finds-itself-in-standby-mode
For tourists, Bishkek is a small town quite developed and influenced by the international public that we have here (French, German, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Turkish among others). Yet it still has some remnants of the Soviet Union (a statue of Lenin in the city centre close to Panfilov park and several other statues dedicated to the Soviet army soldiers) It is quite small considering that it takes only 40 minutes by a mini-bus to move from one side of town to another. Transportation is well developed and could take you anywhere in town for just a little over 10 cents. The main attractions include Osh bazaar, White House, Ala Too square, Gum (the first shopping mall), a Russian orthodox church and a Central mosque, Panfilov and Victory Parks all of which are located within a walking distance to each other.
As for a traveller, Bishkek is a great place to stop in Central Asia. There are plenty of coffee shops and cafes with free Wi-Fi and a good speed. The atmosphere is quite relaxing, people are friendly, it is easy to move around and everything is pretty cheap ($3 for a meal on average; a bottle of beer is less than $1) In Bishkek you can sort out most of your visas (to India, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, with the hardest ones to get to China and Russia); get some work done (not crowded with tourists yet) and just enjoy life including its night clubs and entertainment centres.
Here is an article from Jonny, a travel blogger from Don’t Stop Living, about why he has spent more than a month in Bishkek @http://dontstopliving.net/why-im-spending-at-least-a-month-in-bishkek-magnetic-kyrgyzstan/